WHAT IS COPD?
COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is a group of inflammatory lung disease. Its symptoms are similar to asthma and bronchitis. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the two most common conditions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
In COPD, the respiratory tracts shrink and they become inflamed and swelled. This swelling keeps on increasing and later the lungs become sieve. This is called emphysema. The disease starts with a blockage in the breath and slowly becomes difficult to breathe.
Emphysema is a COPD disease that slowly destroys the sack of air in the pulmonary system, causing difficulty in the external air flow from the lungs. On the other hand, Bronchitis causes narrowing and swelling of the bronchial tubes, which allows mucus to build up in the airways.
The main cause of COPD is tobacco smoking. chemical irritations can also lead to COPD. This disease takes a long time to develop in your body.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cannot correct damage in your lungs, but its treatment helps to control symptoms and reduce further damage.
Diagnosis of COPD is usually made by imaging, blood test, and LFT (Lung Function Test).
SYMPTOMS OF COPD.
Your breathing becomes difficult when you are suffering from COPD. But this problem develops slowly over many years and in COPD, you do not understand how long you have been suffered with this disease.
Most people with COPD do not know the common symptoms of this problem until they reach 40 to 50 years of age.
COPD patients generally have difficulty in breathing. However, symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease can only be mild with cough and shortness of breath.Breathing problems with cough are very common symptoms of COPD.
Common symptoms of COPD include:
Breathing very fast: this can happen while exercising and sometimes you can feel difficulty in breathing even if you wake up suddenly at night.
Constant cough with mucus, which is not easily diagnosed.
Having a chest infection.
Constant sore throat.
chest tightness. In this, every day you need to clean the mucus from the lungs.
Frequent colds, flu, or other respiratory infections.
Generally, its symptoms gradually become severe over time and they affect our daily activities rapidly. However, the treatment reduces the ability of the disease to grow. But sometimes the symptoms suddenly become severe, especially during winter.
Major symptoms of COPD.
- Colds and Flu
- Breathing problem
- Chest tightness
- Swelling of feet
- Weight loss
- Memory loss
- Respiratory system infection
- Heart problems
- Lung cancer
Main Causes of COPD.
Smoking is the leading cause of COPD. Smoke coming out of the stove and factories is also the reason. Chemicals used in inhalation insecticides and paints and chronic TB disease are important reasons.
In the case of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, air flow from the airways is difficult to get in and out of the body. Which can be due to the following reasons: – In this case, these airways and air bags lose their elasticity. Because of this, when you exhale, some part of the air gets trapped in your lungs.
The walls between the air bags are destroyed. Airway walls thick and dry. Excessive phlegm in the airways and blockage of airways.
The Risk Factor of COPD.
Excessive use of tobacco and smoking increases the risk of COPD. The most important risk factors of COPD include prolonged smoking of cigarette. In addition, people around whom a large number of people smoke cigarettes are also at greater risk of COPD from exposure to this smoke. If you have asthma and then you are addicted to smoking then you are at the risk of COPD.
Exposure to dust and chemicals also increases the risk of COPD. Exposure to chemical fumes and dust in the workplace for many days can increase your lungs irritation and many other troubles.
Non-ventilation of homes and exposure to smoke emitted during cooking in the home also poses a risk of COPD.
COPD develops slowly over many years, so most people show symptoms only after at least 40 years.
Prevention of COPD.
- Avoid air pollution.
- Avoid risks in the working space.
- Protect yourself as much as possible from exposure to chemical fumes and dust in the workplace.
- A healthy lifestyle habit helps to keep your lungs healthy. Do not smoke
- Eat nutritious food.
- Increase protein intake with fruits and vegetables in food.
- If you are overweight, try to reduce it. Read how to reduce weight.
- Do breathable exercises. Especially by sitting upright, draw breath through your nose and exhale slowly while whistling.
- Do light exercise. Walk at least 4 km on foot daily.
The main cause of COPD is obstruction of the respiratory tract. Most of the cases are caused by cigarette smoking, so if you want to stop COPD, stop smoking immediately. If someone is smoking near you, move away from it, because its smoke can also be dangerous for you.
Treatments of COPD.
There is currently no treatment available for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but its treatments help slow down the condition of the problem and control symptoms. Its treatments include:
If you have COPD and you smoke, it is very important to immediately stay away from it because it proves to be the most important way to reduce this disease.
Inhalers and medicines should be used to overcome the problem of breathing.
Adopting all the treatments required in the early stages of COPD can reduce its effects to a great extent, but if it is delayed to prevent it, the effects can be severe.
- Quit smoking immediately.
- If paste control or color work is going on in your home, stay away from it.
- Do not get out in too much pollution.
- Stay away from the smell of spices and smoke in the kitchen.
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NOTE: Do not try any treatment and take any medicine at home without doctor’s advice. if you have COPD problems please consult your nearest Doctor or physician.