We also know influenza as the flu. It is an infectious disease caused by a particular group of viruses in the human community. It starts with the initial symptoms like cough, cold and mild fever. If it is not take care on time then this disease takes a fatal form.
It is a type of disease caused by the RNA virus. This virus infects the respiratory tract of animals, birds and humans.
Usually, its symptoms like fever, cough, headaches and tiredness are seen in people due to infection with this virus. Apart from this, symptoms like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and sore throat are also found in some people.
In most of the cases, the symptoms of flu last about one to two weeks. After that the patient becomes healthy.The mortality rate of persons infected with this virus is about 0.1%.
What is influenza?
Influenza is a type of virus, which is a highly contagious disease of our respiratory system. There are three types of flu A, B, C.
A and B types of virus cause influenza, while Type C also shows symptoms of flu, but this type of flu is not more seen. Influenza virus enters our body through nose, eyes and mouth. Also, it spreads from one person to another by coughing, sneezing or being in contact with it. If any one member of the family is suffering from this disease, then other members of the household can also falling ill.
Symptoms of flu (influenza) in adults and children
During infection, the patient may have fever about from 100 F to 103 F, although the temperature of fever may be even higher in children. Sometimes symptoms such as facial flushing or sweating can also be seen. Chills and Symptoms related to breathing, such as cough (more in adults)
- Sore throat (more in adults)
- Runny nose or nasal congestion (especially in children)
- Muscle pain (body pain)
- Sometimes patient feel tired.
- Influenza virus increases the risk of pneumonia, ear infection, sinus infection, etc.
How does the flu (influenza) spread?
Flu is a highly contagious disease. The disease is spread when coming in contact with an infected person or by sneezing or coughing. These viruses can enter our body through breath or by kissing. We can get infected by this virus by touching items like silverware, doors, handles, TV remotes, computer keyboards and telephones. These viruses enter our body when we touch the nose, eyes and mouth with our hands.
Influenza virus infection leads to fatigue and the body remains unwell. Apart from this, there is a lot of weakness, due to which some things start to become dizzy when working or walking.
Fever with cold
With this virus fever comes along with freezing. The fever may be low or high. Fever also increases as the virus progresses.
Congestion of throat
Influenza virus causes phlegm in the throat, causing difficulty in swallowing anything. Trouble in breathing. A lot of Sneezing
A person suffering from influenza virus also has a headache. Apart from this, there is also muscle pain. The skin turns blue when the virus spreads.
Flu (influenza) prevention
We should protect ourselves and our family with this danger of influenza virus. But keep in mind that this virus is transmitted from person to person, so wash your hands often with soap or alcohol based sanitizer for your protection. Avoid touching nose and mouth. Flu virus can survive for 2 to 8 hours on solid surface and objects
If you are taking care of someone infected with the flu, put a mask on your face to prevent infection. The infected person should cover their mouth while coughing or sneezing.
Get an influenza vaccine (flu vaccine) every year. Every year except for children under six months of age, flu vaccination is recommended. This vaccination protects us from the common flu virus. According to the US Health Protection Agency CDC, however, this vaccine is not 100% effective. But it reduces the risk of the flu from 50% to 60% only the flu virus vaccine is applied on our arm.
How to protect
Take more liquids
There is a lack of water in the body due to this virus infection. So Fluids should be taken in large quantities to complete this deficiency.
Use hot water
Influenza virus victims should be bathed with warm water. Apart from this, taking steam is very effective. Taking steam helps in breathing problems.
Drink celery water
Drink celery water. For this, boil celery in water and when the water remains half, drink this water. Apart from this, only drink boil plain water.
Focus on cleanliness
In the case of influenza virus, first of all pay attention to hygiene. For example, wash your hands before eating. Apart from this, give maximum comfort to the body.
Stay away from stale food
Stale food should not be consumed in the case of influenza virus. Along with this, eat food to increase immunity in the body.
Take some precautions during the flu
- Stay at home.
- As much as possible, avoid getting in contact with people.
- Try to stay warm and relax as much as possible.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Do not consume alcohol
- Do not smoke
- Do have some food.
What to eat during the flu (influenza)?
- Better nutrients strengthen our immunity, which gives our body the strength to fight the virus.
- But while our body struggles with the symptoms of the flu for several days or weeks, a nutritious diet is even more necessary to keep our body healthy.
- Vitamins B6 and B12 enable our body’s immune system to function properly.
- Vitamin B6 comes from a protein rich diet, such as beans, potatoes, spinach, and cereals. We get vitamin B12 from meat, fish and milk, which strengthen our body’s immunity.
- Minerals like selenium and zinc also strengthen our immunity. We get these minerals from protein rich foods like beans, nuts, meat and poultry.
Note: Consult your doctor if you have a fever. if you see any symptoms like chest pain, shortness of breath immediately contact with doctor.